For thousands of years, roofs have been beneficial to human lives. From the pre-historic era, roofs are usually made out of different materials and are developed as time passes by with the progression of architectural structures. With this, roof designs, durability, and style have also improved.
Brief history of roofs
Around 40,000 B.C., mammoth skin was the material that was known to be used by Siberian people. This was the earliest material used in roofing.
As human knowledge expands through the times, slating and tiling were introduced by the Romans around 100 B.C. A few centuries after the invention of the Romans that was followed by thatched roofing and wooden shingles after a few centuries.
In the 20th century, several materials were invented as roofing materials, but the one that stood out was the asphalt shingle invented by the H.M. Reynolds Shingles Co. To this day, asphalt shingles are still being used as a roofing material.
This era also led the development of essential roofing tools which are as gutters, downspouts, and flashing.
In the late 1930s, metal shingles became popular in agricultural and industrial buildings.
Through the years, roof lifespan has been prolonged up to a hundred years for some roofing materials. Each roofing material has its own unique characteristics,and through time, they need repair and replacement. There are common problems that each homeowner encounter on their roofs. Here are some of them.
Leakage- This is probably the most common problem that you will encounter as a homeowner. Usually, punctures and cracks are the main reasons why there are leaks on the roof.Leaks can also occur in the gutter, near the chimney, and at skylights.
Puncture damage- Punctures can result from wildfires, foot traffic, footsteps, or even hailstorms. This can lead to permanent damage in the long run if not prevented. Punctures can be a gateway for moist that may rot the underlying wood of your roof.
Snow and ice damage- Ice and snow, once melted, can go underneath the surface of your roof, these are called ice dams, if not inspected, they can refreeze on the next winter and may damage your roof by leaving gaps allowing for more water to enter.
Clogged gutters- Gutters can get clogged when foreign objects such as twigs of trees enter. This may lead to water entering the surface causing it to rot. This usually happens if gutters are not regularly checked or there is no screen installed in the gutter that could block unnecessary materials that fall off.
Color fading- Because of sunlight and rain, colors eventually fade out in the roof. This decreases its visual appeal of the roof. This is a common problem to roofing that is made out of metal shingles. However, this can be easily resolved just by repainting.
Improper installation- Roofs which are not properly installed by a professional can lead to multiple predicaments. This can range from being prone to breakage to shortening of its lifespan.
How do you fix these problems?
You can fix problems of your roofing by calling a professional contractor that ensures you quality service in roof repair. Look for a contractor that has a professional background, experience, and license. Better yet, get recommendations from your friends and neighbors that already hired one. Also, make sure to have a written agreement between you and the contractor before the job gets started. Contracts will ensure your legalities in check. Make sure the contract contains a deadline for the project that the contractor needs to follow.
What if there is no contractor/I can’t afford one?
Sometimes, a contractor may not come right away, or the budget for one is too short. However, there is one solution that could be an alternative. You can have emergency roofing yourself! Better than leaving it and cause more damage, installing emergency roofing is the way to go. Installing emergency roofing lessens the possible damage a roof can have.
Homeowners like you could do a temporary solution before help arrives. It’s better than nothing. If you have no idea of installing emergency roofing, you can follow the follow in steps detailed in the infographic below from Fahey Roofing Contractors.